After the introduction and analysis of SWIFT cover and serial payments, we are now looking at one concrete example of SWIFT MT103 announcement and MT202 cover payment. In the previous article, we performed a detailed analysis of a MT103 announcement sent by the debtor bank to the creditor bank. Now we will consider the MT202 COV. What is the content of the message and the meaning of the different fields?
The picture depicting the messages and the different parties is below. It is the same as the one we saw in the previous article but with some small differences.
It is important to note that we are talking about the MT202 cover payment sent by BNP Paribas, not the one that is forwarded by Wells Fargo to Bank of New York. The content of the other one is a bit different and will be analysed in a later article.
Also note that in the MT202 cover payment, sender’s correspondent of MT103A becomes the receiver, the receiver’s correspondent of MT103A becomes the account with institution and the receiver of of MT103A becomes beneficiary institution.
A brief reminder of the context: A company in France, customer of BNP Paribas in Paris, wants to send payment in USD to another company in Spain, customer of Banco Santander in Madrid. Since BNP Paribas and Santander are not located in the USD currency zones, the funds transfer happens through their correspondent accounts opened with Banks in the USA. In this example, we assume that the correspondent of BNP Paribas is Wells Fargo and the correspondent of Santander is Bank of New York Mellon. BNP Paribas sends a combination of SWIFT MT103 Announcement and MT202 Cover payment messages for the transfer.
The table below contains the fields that are transported in the MT202 cover payment message. An additional column (comments) provides further explanation, so that it is easy to understand each field and what it is used for.
Read this page on the SWIFT formatting rules and Character sets of MT Messages to get additional information and understand what 16x, 4!c and the format of the field options mean.
The second message in the combination (of SWIFT MT103 202 Cover) that is analyzed in detail below is the MT202 COV sent by BNP Paribas.
Narratives and notes on this SWIFT MT202 cover payment
As usual, we need to look at this SWIFT MT202 cover payment carrefully to really understand what is happening. The following narratives and notes allow to get a deeper understanding of the message content.
Narrative and note 1 (Main purpose of this SWIFT MT202 cover payment)
The Sender (BNPAFRPP) is instructing the receiver (PNBPUS3N) its correspondent to debit his account and send the funds to IRVTUS3N. The funds should be credited on the account of BSCHESMM (the beneficiary institution), with IRVTUS3N.
Narrative and note 2 (Meaning of COV in the MT202 cover payment)
The Block 3 of the message carries a Validation flag (Tag119) to indicate it is a cover payment. That means this MT202 is related to underlying Customer Credit transfer message. In case there is no underlying customer payment, Banks should use the normal MT202.
MT202 COV has 2 sequences in the message format: Sequence A which contains the MT202 COV payment transmission details and Sequence B which contains the MT103 message details. The sequence B (Underlying Customer Credit Transfer Details) in the MT202 COV must contain at least Ordering Customer and Beneficiary Customer information and must match exactly the ones provided in the MT103 Announcement.
Narrative and note 3 (Unique End-to-end Transaction Reference in the MT202 Cover payment)
The MT202 Cov contains exactly the same unique End-to-end Transaction Reference as the MT103 Announcement. This shows that even if the sender sends two payment messages (An announcement and a cover), it is the same transaction.
Narrative and note 4 (Fields in MT202 Cov and MT103 announcement)
- Sender of MT202 COV = Sender of MT103 = BNPAFRPP
- Receiver of MT202 COV = Sender’s correspondent 53A of MT103 = PNBPUS3N. It holds the USD account of BNPAFRPP.
- Related reference in MT202 Cov (:21:103REF405775) = Sender’s reference in the MT 103 (:20:103REF405775). It can be used to reconcile the cover with the announcement.
- Field 57A (Account with Institution) of MT202 COV = Field 54A (Receiver’s correspondent) of MT103 Announcement = IRVTUS3N. Presence of F57A indicates that sender BNPAFRPP will reach beneficiary institution through this intermediary.
- Field 58A (Beneficiary Institution) = Receiver of MT103 Announcement = BSCHESMM. This also indicates that the final beneficiary is BSCHESMM. It has an account in USD with IRVTUS3N.
This ends our analysis of this MT202 cover payment sent by BNP Paribas. We made good progress here but few questions still remain. What happens after the first MT 202 cov is received? How is it forwarded to the next party, the Account with institution? And also what are the MT910 and MT950 that we see between Account with institution and Beneficiary institution? These questions will be answered in next articles.